Temperature Humidity measurement

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Temperature Humidity measurement:

Introduction:

Temperature and Humidity are common parameters to be measured. In this project we are going to measure temperature and humidity by using Arduino UNO and DHT11.

Project Requirements:

  • Arduino UNO
  • DHT 11 Sensor
  • Connecting wires

See alsoGetting Started with Arduino, Arduino IDE software

Arduino UNO:

Arduino UNO Board - Temperature and Humidity measurement

 

Image credit: UNO

Detail Information about Arduino UNO is in below link

What is Arduino UNO Board? -Board for Rapid Prototyping

DHT11:

 

Temperature and Humidity measurement-DHT 11- Diagram
DHT-11

DHT11 is Temperature and Humidity Sensor with calibrated digital signal output. It has high degree reliability and excellent long-term stability.

This sensor includes a resistive type humidity measurement component with an NTC type temperature measurement component .

It has 8 bit microcontroller which provide 40 bit of output over SPI interface. For more details about DHT11 you can download datasheet from here.

 

Image credit: DHT 11 Temperature Humidity Sensor(D-Robotics UK)

Specification:

  • Supply Voltage: 3 –  5.5 V
  • Temperature range :0-50 ° ± 2 °C
  • Humidity :20-90% RH ± 5% RH
  • Interface: Digital

 

What is Relative Humidity?

The DHT11 measures temperature and relative humidity (RH).

Relative humidity is the ratio of water vapor in air and the saturation point of water vapor in air which changes with temperature Relative Humidity can be calculated as is as follows:

Relative Humidity = (density of water vapor / density of water vapor at saturation) x 100%

 

Interfacing DHT11 with Arduino UNO:

 

arduino-dht11-connections
Connect DHT11 to Arduino UNO,

Vcc — 5v ,

GND — GND,

Data Pin — any of the Digital I/O  Pin of Arduino.

 

Writing program :

 

Before using DHT11 with Arduino UNO you should have Arduino IDE installed on your PC, if don’t have you should download from here and install it.

Now download DHT11 library for Arduino IDE from here. Then add this library to Arduino library folder (C:\Program Files\Arduino\lib)  manually or go to Sketch>Include Library>Add Library and select the DHTLib.zip file you have downloaded.

writing-program-temperature-and-humidity-measurement

Upload the following code:

 

#include<dht.h>
dht DHT;

#define DHT11_PIN 3 // digital i/o pin no to which DHT11 data pin  is connected

void setup()

{

Serial.begin(9600);

}

void loop()

{

intchk = DHT.read11(DHT11_PIN);

Serial.print(” Humidity: ” );

Serial.print(DHT.humidity); //read  humidity

Serial.print(“%\t”);

Serial.print(” Temparature: “); //read  temperature

Serial.print(DHT.temperature);

Serial.print(“0c\n”);

 

delay(1000);

}

 

Result for Temperature Humidity measurement :

Press serial monitor button to view temperature and humidity value.

Result Temperature Humidity Measurement

 

See alsoWEATHER STATION – IoT Project using NodeMCU

 

Let us know what you think about Temperature and Humidity Measurement in the comment section below.

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