What is an IoT Platform? & what are the Key components

IoT Platform

IoT Platform:


IoT Platform

Internet of Things is nothing but the ecosystem of physical objects that can be connected to the internet and we can access as well as control it remotely anytime anywhere.

IoT platform is the support software that connects the hardware, access point and data network to the end-user application.

Internet of Things platform handles or manages the task and data visualization that allow the user to automate the environment.

IoT platform ensures seamless integration with the different hardware by using a range of popular communication protocols and also apply the different types of topology using SDK.

Internet of Things platform also referred to as a middleware which is acts as a mediator between hardware and the application layer.

IoT-platform is an application that connects IoT with the cloud and output devices correspond to it.

The Components of the IoT platform as follows:

Hardware: Hardware is nothing but the microcontroller with wireless connectivity withholds the application.

Hub Level: Hub level is the software that facilitates the connection with the cloud Hub Level is nothing but the bridge between IP connected cloud and IP non-connected cloud.

Cloud Level: The cloud is that part where the data is sent from devices and it should be formatted for output. It is also used to remotely manage the devices and remove software updates.


Third-party Application:

In Third-party applications, the output should be sent. These can be a mobile app or an internal system amongst other things.

The IoT platform ensures the communication between devices, output work i.e collection of data and formatted incorrect way functions like remote updates and access facilitated.

There are also other components like security features, connectivity choice i.e wifi, bluetooth, Zigbee, etc.

IoT Platform

image credit: Smart-Industry

IoT Platform Key Components or Functional Requirements :

As we all know IoT allows us to connect or communicate and also manage the various things. An effective IoT platform gives the inter-connectivity in a seamless way by acting as the link between machines, applications, devices, and people.

All IoT platforms work in similar ways. There are various capabilities, levels and features available such type of variation in the platform is depends upon the unique objectives of the organizations and also their end-users. These organizations take care of key components of the Internet of Things platform.

IoT Security :

Security is one of the most important factors while selecting the IoT platform. For data security, we have to authenticate all connected devices and the application with the end-to-end security mechanisms. It ensures that the organization and end-users are protected from unauthorized access.

Enterprises look for the platform that features end-to-end data encryption so that data is protected. IoT platform should deliver regular security updates and demonstrate a commitment to ensuring that consumers fully understand their IoT security architecture.

Real-time Analytics :

when the internet of things platform features real-time analytics it contextualizes as well as visualizes data as it flows through the system. This enables an organization to effectively monitors their devices, understand the performance, usage pattern and also availability and proactively identify privacy issues and insecure conditions.

In other words, real-time analytics give the consumer the power to manage devices and ensures both security and performance as efficiently as possible.

Horizontal Management :

Enterprises and municipalities often work with several agencies that may all be working in isolation and only focusing on their own needs. This can create a fragmented and inefficient model for operation and development with each vertical creating their own custom solution. A horizontal management IoT platform allows an organization to cover connectivity data collection, analytics, business application development, and service management.

Whatever We Can Do With IoT Platform :

An IoT platform plays important role in smart devices. Users can use their product with remote control and real-time monitoring function, configurable alerts or notification, pluggable cloud services and integration with consumer’s smartphones or other devices.

The Internet of Things platform is cost optimization for companies in the industrial sector through remote monitoring of devices and vehicles, collecting the sensor data for real-time, ensuring safety and end-to-end delivery tracking.

By using the IoT platform used to develop  IoT infrastructure for delivering all types of services for customers. Among them Car service, smart building smart metering and others.

Internet of Things platform is the most essential technology for improving the customer experience in different fields like retail, healthcare, hospitality and traveling. It ensures the stress of free interaction between the customer and the company.


See alsoWhat is Azure? Understanding Microsoft Azure Cloud


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Tanuja Magar
Tanuja is a Computer Engineer by Profession . She is passionate about her work and love to learn about Internet of Things and new technology . She like to write about technology .