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15 Free Operating Systems (Open Source OS):
Following are Top 15 free Operating System used for IoT development. These all are Open source, you can use it for personal and commercial purpose.
Raspbian is specially developed free official Raspberry Pi OS. It is one of the most famous OS from ‘free Operating System for IoT ‘group. Raspbian is a variation of Debian Linux optimized to run on the Raspberry Pi.
Raspbian comes with plenty of pre-installed software for education, programming, and general applications.
It has Python, Java, Scratch, Sonic Pi, Mathematica, etc and it includes more than 35,000 applications modules that can run on the device.
More details at Raspbian
2. Ubuntu Core
Ubuntu core is one of the most popular distributions of Linux, and this variation brings Ubuntu to the Internet of Things.
It is the secure, robust and lightweight operating system for the internet of things.
More details at Ubuntu Core
3. Ubuntu MATE
Ubuntu MATE is an easy-to-use and most stable operating system with a configurable desktop environment.
Ubuntu MATE compatible with modern workstations, single board computers, and older hardware also. It makes modern computers fast and old computers usable.
It is compatible with the Raspberry Pi boards.
More details at Ubuntu Mate
4. RISC OS OPEN and RISC OS Pi
RISC OS OPEN is fast and easily customized operating system for ARM devices.
RISC OS Pi is the official RISC OS distribution for the Raspberry Pi computer.
RISC OS is an operating system which was designed and developed specifically for the ARM processor by the original ARM creators. It is compact, fast and efficient.
More details at RISC OS OPEN
FreeRTOS is also known as FreeRTOS Kernal. It is developed over 15-year partnership with the world’s leading chip companies.
Now FreeRTOS kernel is a market leader for RTOS (Real Time Operating System) and standard solution for small microprocessors and microcontrollers.
It is completely free and supported even for commercial used applications. It is compatible with Raspberry Pi and other single board computers.
More details at FreeRTOS
6. RIOT OS
RIOT is the friendly operating system for IoT and it is developer-friendly, resource-friendly, and IoT-friendly.
Key features include support for C and C++, partial POSIX compliance, multi-threading, energy efficiency and more. It supports IoT devices and single board computers.
More details at RIOT
7. ARM Mbed OS
Arm Mbed OS is a free, open-source embedded OS (operating system) designed specifically for the “things” in IoT.
It includes all the features that the developer need to develop a connected product based on an Arm Cortex-M microcontroller. It includes security, connectivity, an RTOS, and drivers for sensors and I/O devices.
More details at Arm Mbed
Contiki is a free open source operating system for the Internet of Things.
This OS connects tiny low-cost, low-power microcontrollers to the Internet and it is a powerful toolbox for building complex wireless systems.
for more info about Contiki, visit below link given at more details.
More details at Contiki
Tizen is an open and flexible OS built to address the needs of the connected device ecosystem and all stakeholders of the mobile, including mobile operators, device manufacturers, application developers and ISVs (independent software vendors).
It is a Linux-based free operating system for mobile and connected devices, and it comes in versions for vehicles, smartphones and tablets, TV and wearable.
By working with device partners you can customize the operating system and user experience to meet the needs of demographics customers.
More details at Tizen
10. eLinux OS
eLinux kernel (or a portion of it) support number of IoT devices. Due to lightweight and stable, it runs smoothly on embedded devices including Single board computer like Raspberry Pi and Beagle Bone Boards.
Check below link for extensive information about using Linux in embedded systems.
More details at eLinux
TinyOS is a free and an open source, BSD-licensed OS designed for low-power wireless devices. It is OS used in sensor networks, personal area networks, ubiquitous computing, smart buildings, and smart meters.
It provides excellent support for networking and low-power operations.
More details at: TinyOS
12. Windows 10 IoT
This free operating system built for the Internet of Things, this is another most famous IoT OS from ‘free Operating System for IoT’ group.
Windows 0 IoT Core is a version of Windows 10 that is optimized for smaller devices with or without a display, and that runs on the Raspberry Pi 2 and Raspberry Pi 3, Arrow DragonBoard 410c & MinnowBoard MAX.
Windows 10 IoT Core utilizes the rich, extensible Universal Windows Platform (UWP) API for building great solutions.
More details at: Windows 10 IoT
Open source Media Center (OSMC) is a Linux based free open source Media player.
It allows you to play media from your local network, attached storage and the Internet.
OSMC is the leading media center in terms of community, feature set and it is based on the Kodi project. It is compatible with the Raspberry Pi boards.
More details at OSMC
LibreELEC runs Kodi (Kodi is used as a media player and entertainment hub for digital media)
It supports many of the popular HTPC hardware solutions, from Raspberry Pi 0/1/2/3 to Wetek, Odroid C2 and iMX6 (both via community support), and Intel based machines using Nvidia, AMD and Intel graphics solutions.
More details at LibreELEC
PiNET is free and open source projects for helping schools set up and manage a Raspberry Pi classroom.
Its key features include
- Network-based user accounts
- Network-based operating system
- Shared folders and work collection system.
- Automated backups Many more small features like classroom management software integration, batch user import, etc.
More details at PiNET
Let us know what you think about above mentioned 15 free Operating System for IoT. are you using any of above? let us know in the comment section below.