What is 5G technology?- Difference between 5G and 4G – 5G Vs 4G

what is 5G technology 5G vs 4G what is the difference

5G technology

5G simply stands for the fifth generation of the mobile or wireless systems. 5G technology includes all types of features which will make it the most powerful technology.

5G-technology includes the camera, video recording, large phone memory, video player, dialing speed and many more feature that user never imagine..5 G also increase the network expandability up to hundreds of thousands of connection.

The signal technology has also improved for greater coverage as well as spectral and signaling efficiency.

Due to such improvements in signaling it can enable changes like pervasive computing, IOT.



Need of 5G

Now, 4G not only seen in mobile phones it also use in smart-watch, CCTV, doorbells, etc. and initially it never designed to support such types of devices which could cause 4G ecosystem to be fragmented and overcrowded.

5G will provide better speed and coverage than 4G. 5 G operates with a 5 GHz signal and it is set to offer speed up to 1GB/s for tens of connection.

5G provides speed 100x faster than 4G LTE provides. 5 G will increase the download speed up to 10 Gbps. If anyone wants to download the HD movie it can be download within a few seconds while if we are using 4G it will take about an hour to download the same movie.


See alsoGSM and GPRS: What exactly these are? Difference between both


5G vs 4G – what is the difference between 4G and 5G

Specification                               4G   5G
Full  Form    Fourth  Generation        Fifth Generation
Data Bandwidth         2Mbps to 1Gbps 1Gbps and higher as         per need
Frequency Band           2 to 8GHz3 to 300 GHz
Standards AI access convergence including OFDMA, MC-CDMA,network-LMPS

Technologies Unified  IP ,seamless integration of broadband LAN/WAN/PAN and WLAN Unified  IP ,seamless integration of broadband LAN/WAN/PAN and WLAN and advanced technologies based on OFDM modulation used in 5G.
Service Dynamic information acccess,wearable devices,HD streaming,global roaming Dynamic information acccess,wearable devices,HD streaming ,any demand of user.
Multiple Access CDMACDMA,BDMA
Core Network All IP network Flatter IP network,5G network interfacing
Handoff Horizontal and Vertical Horizontal and Vertical
Downloading speed 1 gigabytes per second. 10 gigabits per second.
Switching Technique Circuit Switching and Packet SwitchingCircuit Switching and Packet Switching
Initiation From Year 2010Year 2015-2020  onwards


See also: LTE and 5G: What exactly these are? Same or different?


5G will play a fundamental role in the Internet of Things

The Internet of Things will be the ideal application of 5G. What currently stands in the way of the IoT is the disconnected system. For example, we have RIFD  we have short-range communication techniques UWB, Bluetooth, etc. This will be a problem in the future  if we talk about the smart city where a unified framework for a seamless connection is required. 5G is a good opportunity to provide this unified framework.


How 5 G will revolutionize the Internet of Things

5G will be able to transmit the data 10 times faster than 4G LTE. That could revolutionize the IoT .5G will be first deployed in major metropolitan areas so IoT application it will be first used to connect smart city solution like smart street lights traffic light etc. It will connect everything from smart home to self-driving cars and robotics.

Faster data transmission could simply connected device management which means 5G could lead to significant growth in the IoT.

  • Latency in cellular networks limits many IoT applications. Now many IoT solution uses cellular networks like 4G LTE to connect to the cloud but these devices produce huge data which becomes hard to process quickly. That creates high latency – the amount of time between when data is sent from a connected device to when it returns to the same device- which in turn limits IoT solution effectiveness.
  • 5 G could solve that leading to increased efficiency and the potential more connected devices. since 5 G is able to transmit data.


See also: Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) and Internet of Things


How will 5 G deal with huge number of devices connected to the IoT and will there be sufficient bandwidth?

Currently, there is lots of research on how we can develop non-orthogonal multiple access by putting a number of the user into the limited bandwidth channel.

In IoT, there are many devices that should be served timely with low data rates. for example, wireless healthcare, wearable devices(heart monitor, biosensor)need to send patient data timely to hospital server but the data rates used by these devices are not likely high.

By using non-orthogonal multiple access, we can squeeze in a lot of IoT users/devices with different quality of service requirements into the same time slot or frequency channels.


See also5G and IoT – How 5G can improve IoT connectivity?


Let us know what you think about 5G technology and 4G and 5G difference ( 5G vs 4G ) technology in the comment section below.


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Featured Image credit- Prographerman /Pixabay

Tanuja Magar
Tanuja is a Computer Engineer by Profession . She is passionate about her work and love to learn about Internet of Things and new technology . She like to write about technology .