The IoT is an interrelated computing device, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
Whereas, Big Data means extremely large data sets that may be analyzed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations, especially relating to human behavior and interactions.
As the world is becoming very much techno-oriented, IoT and Big Data applications have now become an important use. Both are an important aspect of smart cities.
Smart cities use data and technology to create efficiencies, improve sustainability, create economic development, and enhance the quality of life factors for people living and working in the city. It also means that the city has a smarter energy infrastructure.
A sudden evolution and expansion of big data and the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies are playing a major role in the adaption of smart city initiatives.
Big data opens doors of opportunity by churning valuable insights from enormous data collected through different sources, and the IoT allows integration of sensors, RFI (radio frequency identification), Bluetooth in the real environment by using highly networked services.
An increasing amount of valuable data sources, advances in the Internet of Things and Big Data technologies as well as the availability of a wide range of machine learning algorithms offers new potential to deliver analytical services to citizens and urban decision makers.
Smart cities are enabling a better life by transforming different areas of human life. For instance, the data collected for weather information helps to gain valuable insight benefiting the agriculturist. Also, analytics from weather data help to inform in advance about the likely situations, which may or may not be hazardous; flood, loo, drought, etc. Analyzing big data for smart city initiative can transform every sector of a nation’s economy.
See also: What is Smart City?
The IoT provides a platform for devices and sensors to communicate with each other and share information seamlessly across platforms. IoT, the next-gen technology has witnessed implementation in the smart city in the form of smart grids, smart retail, smart water, smart energy, etc.
The internet revolution has to an interconnection of not just devices but people between people at an unprecedented scale. In the present post-desktop era, devices like our smartphones are changing our surroundings and making us extremely interactive and informative.
There’s no question regarding the truth that cities have progressed a great deal over the previous few years. They’ve transformed from little enclosures within walls to slumping over metropolitan areas which are house to countless individuals. Not only have their sizes as well as nature altered however Smart Cities have also had the ability to offer the very best atmosphere for all type of individuals to live in.
The IoT is a network of devices which are linked literally, like house appliances or automobiles and also with the assistance of this technology; things can connect with each other and also exchange information. This connection uses an opportunity to socialize digital and also physical information through data analytics to improve performance, improve incomes and also drive financial benefits.
The secret is connection– It’s all about strong connection.
One of the most substantial factors which can pose as a risk to the dream of developing a smart city is the concerns of connectivity.
If numerous devices throughout the city aren’t connected using a strong and also secure link, the IoT gadgets will certainly be provided just outdated.
Henceforth, without a robust link, smart technology wouldn’t function.
Durable 4G and also 5G networks with London will certainly have a larger dependence on “tiny cells” to boost connectivity to those tough-to-reach spots.
Waste administration in a city can likewise be made smarter by recommending smart trash bin which has a sensing unit for establishing the degree of waste that exists within the can.
The innovation behind these trash containers is built in such a manner that they can transfer this info to the waste monitoring system of the city which can assist the waste collection vehicles instantly to the garbage container which has become complete.
It will transform the static garbage collection system with a system that is based upon real-time information that’s related to garbage containers being a lot more efficient and predictable.
Applications of big data can be applied in the healthcare sector by improving preventive care services, healthcare record management, patient care, diagnosis, etc.
For effective traffic management, the exchange of data via IoT devices can help in optimizing routes and schedules, decrease traffic wait time, therefore ensuring environmental friendliness.
Application of big data for smart city helps in efficient data storage and providing with information which can be used to enhance various smart city services.
With a rapid increase in population, it has facilitated changes in the models of treatment delivery. Thanks to data insights, such changes and decision are based using analytic tools which allow healthcare specialists to analyze patient’s data for effective treatment.
Data insights from such applications can also predict diseases, epidemic, cures and thereby improve quality of life. The nature of information varies, depending on the sources, such as wearable gadgets. Data from these devices can also act an early warning system and help in effective treatment, saving thousands of lives.
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