What is Precision agriculture? & Precision Agriculture Technology

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Precision Agriculture Technology
Spraying Sugar Cane

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What is precision agriculture? 

Precision agriculture is also known as precision farming by which every need for agriculture can be made more accurate than traditional farming.

For raising crops and lifting livestock, precision farming is the most important element and the vital form of farm handling is the information technology that comes with sensors, autonomous vehicles automated hardware, software, GPS guidance, drones, robotics, etc. 

Technology has become a vital component for everyone and its implementation on agriculture is not too far for the advancement in the agriculture sector in the upcoming days. For more production, modern-day agriculture has become mandatory for farmers for the growth of crops and himself.

Precision agriculture has various application procedures that have the capability of optimizing crop production drastically. Besides, it’s also useful for the crop protection that can give best results all the time and its tools can greatly measure the needs.

See also: 4 Smart Farming Applications That Are Revolutionizing The Agriculture Industry

 

How is technology impacting the precision agriculture?

Precision agriculture is the latest technology for crops where the farmers are able to maximize the environmental and commercial crop production as per the type of soil and performance of the crops at the same time. 

Precision Agriculture Technology
Monitoring cotton crop

 

Tools and Equipment implemented for Precision Agriculture: 

There are various technologies used for precision agriculture which are responsible for the cumulative development of agriculture. Here, we are giving the main tools and equipment precision agriculture:

  1. Remote Sensors:

Remote sensors are one of the most important tools used in precision agriculture which are most commonly used as aerial or satellite sensors. These help in sensing the type of soil changes every time and with the crop development and field boundaries. Besides, these also play a vital role to know the need of water at an appropriate time. Vegetative indices which maintain the health of the plant can also be obtained by aerial and satellite imaginary system. 

See alsoTemperature Sensors- For external and field applications

  1. Yield Maps: 

Yield mapping is the combination of the recording of grain flow through a combine harvester. Besides, it plays a vital role in recording the exact location of the object in a particular area as well. 

  1. Proximate Sensors:

Soil parameters (like Nitrogen status and pH of soil) are an important component in precision agriculture and it can be easily detected through proximity sensors. 

  1. Computer Hardware and Software:

These are implemented to analyze the different data collected by another tool used in precision agriculture technology. Thus after analyzing the data, it converts data as usable like maps, reports, charts, graphs, etc. 

  1. Global Positioning System (GPS): 

GPS is another important component used in precision technology and it said to be a collection of 24 satellites in the earth orbit. With the help of GPS, radio signals can be sent out and through earth receiver which is capable of detecting the location on the earth greatly. It also gives the exact status of the crop of the farmers at the same time and also informs about the needs of the particular crop like water, pesticides, fertilizers, and others. 

  1. Precision Irrigation Methods:
Precision Agriculture Technology Smart Irrigation
Precise Irrigation based on moisture in the soil

GPS based controllers can help irrigation machines in controlling its fast movement. Sensor technologies and wireless transmission are also parts of precision irrigation methods that monitor soils and find conducive conditions.  

  1. Geographic Information System (GIS)

With the help of this software, you can let know about the geographically disseminated data spatially. 

Conclusion: 

Precision Agriculture (Precision Farming) has also gained productivity in the global food stocks due to the advanced irrigation systems where more than ⅔ rd population relies on conventional irrigation schemes. 

Due to the fast socio-economic variations in a few developing nations including India, there are many possibilities have also been developed for precision agriculture.

It can drastically reduce the cost of production with the great stability of the land resources with sustainability as well as profitability at the same time.

See alsoSmart Agriculture – IoT applications in Agriculture

Let us know what you think about Precision agriculture technology and its impact on today’s traditional farming in the comment section below.

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Featured and other image credit: Pixabay

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